Bacterial vaginosis — not a transmitted disease
“Many patients with a new diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis want to know how they acquired it. How is it transmitted?” CATHY CAMERON, MD, Toronto, ON
Bacterial vaginosis is not a transmitted disease, but is the result of massive overgrowth of mixed flora, including peptostreptococci, Bacteroides
spp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus
spp., and genital Mycoplasma
. There’s little inflammation, and the disorder represents a disturbance of the vaginal microbial ecosystem rather than a true infection of tissues. No single bacterial species is responsible for bacterial vaginosis. The cause of the overgrowth with anaerobes such as Gardnerella, Mycoplasma and Mobiluncus
spp. is unknown.